KARST TOPOGRAPHY

 

Many e-mails are circulating around the web showing great photographs of natural wonders around the

world. Many of these photographs show mountainous scenes from China such as the one below.

 

Karsts China

 

 

 

This topography is called Karst, and is formed when soluble rock such as limestone is permeated by

acidic groundwater causing a labyrinth of caves and tunnels supported by rocky columns of limestone.

If you have been in a coal mine you will have seen a similar structure underground, where columns of

coal are left as supports. Eventually, the surface collapses leaving only the rocky columns of limestone

and the formation of a Karst topography.